Middle school students need opportunities to examine how probability can be used to make predictions and sound decisions. These resources will engage students in real-world applications of probabilistic thinking.

**Game of SKUNK**

With this lesson, students examine choice versus chance and practice decision-making skills using the outcome probabilities when playing the game of SKUNK.

**She Always Wins, It’s Not Fair!**

This is the perfect activity to use when introducing the concept of fair and unfair games.

**Lotto or Life: What Are the Chances?**

Teachers interested in astronomy or in working with a science class will find this lesson offers an out-of-the-ordinary way to investigate outcomes based on probability.

**A Statistical Study on the Letters of the Alphabet (CEC)**

Students examine letter usage and make decisions based on data. This lesson can be developed as an interesting language arts connection.

**Sticks and Stones**

Students gather data when playing Sticks and Stones, an Apache game, to determine the average number of moves necessary to win the game.

**Tree Diagrams and Probability**

A tree diagram is a perfect way to make probability visual. In this lesson, students use tree diagrams and explore fair and unfair games based on the outcomes of car race trials.

**What Are the Odds?**

Use the navigation column to find background information, lesson plans, and student activities focused on the use of probability.

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updated 11/29/2011.